Cartoon Network (Canadian TV channel)

Page semi-protected
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cartoon Network
Logo used since 2023
CountryCanada
Broadcast areaNationwide
HeadquartersToronto, Ontario
Programming
Language(s)English
Picture format1080i HDTV
(downscaled to 480i letterbox for the SDTV feed)
Ownership
OwnerCorus Entertainment
(branding licensed from Warner Bros. Discovery)
ParentTeletoon Canada Inc.
Sister channelsTélétoon
Adult Swim
Boomerang
History
LaunchedOctober 17, 1997; 26 years ago (1997-10-17)
Former namesTeletoon (1997–2023)
Links
Websitecartoonnetwork.ca
Availability
Streaming media
StackTVInternet Protocol television

Cartoon Network (formerly Teletoon) is a Canadian English-language discretionary specialty channel owned by Corus Entertainment. The channel primarily broadcasts animated series aimed at children and teenagers.

It was launched on October 17, 1997, by Teletoon Canada, Inc., a consortium of Western International Communications and Astral Media (via their specialty channel Family Channel), Shaw Communications (via its specialty channel YTV), and the animation studios Cinar and Nelvana. With subsequent acquisitions and divestments, Corus became the sole owner of the channel in 2014.

The channel has historically aired a mix of domestic productions and imported series, with many of the latter coming from U.S. channel Cartoon Network. In 2012, Teletoon launched a Canadian version of Cartoon Network as a sister network under license from Turner Broadcasting. In February 2023, Corus announced that Teletoon would rebrand as Cartoon Network on March 27, 2023, with the previous Cartoon Network channel concurrently relaunching under Cartoon Network's own sister brand Boomerang.

Cartoon Network operates two timeshift feeds running on Eastern and Pacific schedules. Along with its French-language counterpart Télétoon, it is available in over 7.3 million households in Canada as of November 2013.[1]

History

As Teletoon

Original network logo from 1997 to 2007. It was used in this form from 2001 until 2007.

In 1997, Teletoon was licensed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC)[2][3] after a related application for a channel to be called "Fun TV" had been denied.[4] The channel launched on October 17, 1997.[5][6] The channel was originally owned by a consortium of other Canadian specialty services, including Family Channel acting as managing partner at 53.3% (Superchannel/WIC and The Movie Network/Astral Media), YTV at 26.7%, (Shaw Communications), along with the Canadian animation studios Cinar and Nelvana with 10% each.[7] Shaw spun off its entertainment assets as Corus Entertainment in 1999, which subsequently acquired WIC's stake in Family Channel among other assets as part of its breakup later that year,[8][9] Corus acquired Nelvana in 2000.[10]

Teletoon was licensed as a bilingual service in both English and French, being one of only two Canadian speciality services with such a license;[11] the channel maintains two feeds under the license, with the French feed operating under the branding Télétoon. At the original licensing hearing before the CRTC, the network's operators had stated that the two channels "would be similar in nature and programmed with a similar attitude towards them", but that there may be differences in their programming due to market differences (including Quebec's prohibition on advertising to children) and program rights.[12] To this end, Teletoon often commissioned programming to air in both English and French whenever possible.[13]

Secondary logo for Teletoon utilized from 2005 until 2007. This wordmark was used in tandem with the previous logo.

As a condition of the license, Teletoon committed to devoting 40% of its programming to Canadian content in its first year of operation, gradually increasing by five per cent yearly to 60% by 2002. Over a similar timeframe, it also committed to similarly have at least half of its programming financed by, and commissioned from third parties unaffiliated with its owners.[12]

In 1998, network management decided to focus on renewals instead of new shows—adopting a more cautious strategy than launching a significant number of new series, as it had in the prior year.[14] By 2001, the channel had invested over $96 million into 98 original productions since its launch; Teletoon's director of original programming Madeleine Levesque stated that "I don’t think any other broadcaster has contributed so much, so well, so fast."[15]

Teletoon's final logo from 2007 to 2023; originally rendered flat in 2007, it became a 3D glossy logoform in 2011.

On March 4, 2013, Corus Entertainment announced that it would acquire Astral's stake in Teletoon, giving it full ownership. The sale was part of divestitures tied to Astral Media's proposed sale to Bell Media, which had earlier been rejected by the CRTC in October 2012 for competition reasons.[16] Corus's purchase was cleared by the Competition Bureau two weeks later on March 18;[17] the transaction was approved by the CRTC on December 20, 2013,[18] and completed on January 1, 2014.[19] The channel was subsequently brought under the new Corus Kids division as part of a reorganization in February 2014, alongside YTV and Nelvana. Teletoon and its sister networks would maintain separate management from YTV.[20][21]

As Cartoon Network

On February 21, 2023, Corus announced that Teletoon would be rebranded as Cartoon Network on March 27, 2023; the existing Cartoon Network channel concurrently relaunched under Cartoon Network's sibling brand Boomerang (which will be devoted to library programming and classic franchises); the Teletoon brand would continue to be used for its companion streaming service Teletoon+, and its French-language feed.[22]

Programming

The channel's license originally required that 90% of all programs on the channel be animated.[12] Teletoon previously aired preschool-oriented programming, which was day-parted from 4:00 a.m.- 3:00 p.m.[23] At its inception in 1996, Teletoon had a stated goal of producing 78 half-hours of original content every year, and it has been active in commissioning programming since then.[24]

Since its inception, the channel has acquired numerous television series from the U.S.-based Cartoon Network and its late night block, Adult Swim. From September 1, 2015, to Fall 2016, original programming from the American channel was moved over to its Canadian counterpart.[25] Around the same time, several "retro" programs airing on Teletoon Retro, which closed down on the same date, began airing on Teletoon.[26] Teletoon would also premiere new original programming from Cartoon Network's sister channel, Boomerang.

On April 1, 2019, the channel discontinued its adult programming following the relaunch of Action as a full-time Adult Swim channel.[27]

Notable programming blocks

  • Teletoon Unleashed! – launched in 2000, Teletoon Unleashed! was an adult-oriented block of the channel; it co-existed with The Detour on Teletoon until the block merged with it in 2004. It was known for airing every show with an 18+ rating to attract an adult audience, regardless of whether the program actually contained adults-only material or not.
  • Teletoon Retro – Teletoon Retro was the branding and block for classic animated programming. It was later spun into a digital channel, which also featured several live-action series. The channel launched on October 1, 2007, and closed on September 1, 2015.
  • Can't Miss Thursdays – A block for first-run programming premieres that aired on Thursday nights. The block later featured live-action, hosted segments.[28]
  • Superfan Fridays – A block showcasing comic book-related and action-oriented animated series.[29]

Branding history

Initially, Teletoon's programming was divided into dayparted blocks, each featuring a different style of animation. Each blocks were represented as planets:[30]

  • Morning Planet for Preschoolers (claymation animation; 5:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m. EST)
  • Afternoon Planet for Kids (2D cel animation; 3:00 p.m.- 6:00 p.m.)
  • Evening Planet for Family (collage animation; 6:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m. EST)
  • Night Planet for Adults (papier-mâché animation; 9:00 p.m. - 5:00 a.m. EST)

The bumpers were made by Cuppa Coffee Studios.

This branding would be discontinued and replaced by a more generic look in mid-August 1998, which included the motif of the logo containing a colored red border, and a then-new slogan, “It’s Unreal!” (or “Imagine!” in the French feed). In 1999, Teletoon was airing bumpers with its first mascot, "Teletina".[31][32] These bumpers were made by Spin Productions in Toronto.

Several more bumpers using CGI animation made by Guru Studio[33] subsequently premiered on the channel between 2001 and 2005 respectively, in addition to a new set of graphics and on-screen presentations.

An updated look for the channel was unveiled, along with a new logo,[34] for a partial rebranding made by the Montreal-based Buzz Image Group in 2005.[35] The original logo would still be used as a production logo and also temporarily on their website up until 2007.

On February 5, 2007, the older bumpers were removed and the original logo was officially replaced as part of a major rebrand. Teletoon’s website and its on-air appearance were dramatically changed, and the overall aesthetic of both the channel and their respective programming blocks were immensely modernized. Their longtime slogan was also retired on this date.

On September 5, 2011, to reflect the channel’s transition to digital television, the logo was refined and changed to a more three-dimensional appearance, designed by New York-based design agency Trollbäck & Company.

Related services

On November 24, 2000, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved multiple applications from Teletoon Canada Inc. to launch six Category 2 television channels named Teletoon Action, Teletoon Adult, Teletoon Art, Teletoon Multi, Teletoon Pop and Teletoon Retro.[36] None of the channels launched and their broadcast licenses expired on November 24, 2004.[37] The Teletoon Retro concept would later be revived under a different license.

Current

Télétoon

Télétoon is the French counterpart to Teletoon which broadcasts most of the shows from its English counterpart in French.

Boomerang

On November 4, 2011, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved an application from Teletoon to launch Teletoon Kapow!, a Category B digital cable and satellite channel devoted "programming from international markets, featuring the latest trends in non-violent action, adventure, superheroes, comedy and interactivity."[38] On February 2, 2012, Teletoon announced that it would launch a local Cartoon Network channel in Canada.[39] It debuted using the Teletoon Kapow! license on July 4, 2012.[40]

As of September 1, 2015, Cartoon Network operates under the broadcast license originally granted for Teletoon Retro.[41] Corus then had the Teletoon Kapow! license revoked on October 2, 2015.[42]

Concurrent with the rebranding of Teletoon itself as Cartoon Network, the original Cartoon Network channel was relaunched as a Canadian version of Boomerang.

Teletoon+

Teletoon+ is a subscription video on demand service which launched September 1, 2022 on Amazon Prime Video Channels, replacing Corus's previous Nick+ service (which was a streaming counterpart to its Nickelodeon channel). The service features exclusive content acquired from Cartoon Network and Warner Bros. Animation.[43]

Former

Teletoon Retro

Teletoon Retro was a Category B digital cable and satellite channel that debuted in fall 2007, and was named after a program block that featured classic animated series. Shows seen on the channel included The Tom and Jerry Show, The Bugs Bunny & Tweety Show, Scooby-Doo, The Flintstones, The Raccoons, The Jetsons, The Pink Panther, Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, Inspector Gadget, and Gumby.

The channel was discontinued on September 1, 2015, with Disney Channel (on Bell Aliant, Bell Satellite TV, EastLink, Telus Optik TV, VMedia, Vidéotron, MTS, Bell Fibe TV, NorthernTel, Novus, and Zazeen), or Cartoon Network (on Shaw Direct/Shaw Cable, Rogers Cable, SaskTel and many independent providers) taking over its slot on several aforementioned providers. In the years since, Teletoon has aired classic programming during non-peak viewing hours.

Teletoon at Night

Launched in September 2002 as "The Detour on Teletoon", the block is an amalgamation of it and "Teletoon Unleashed", an adult programming block. Its French counterpart, Télétoon la nuit, airs on the Francophone Télétoon channel. In September 2009, the block was relaunched under its current name with an overhaul of its appearance.

In March 2019, with the pending launch of the Adult Swim channel on April 1, 2019, it was announced that the block would be discontinued.[27]

References

  1. ^ "TELETOON Canada Inc. | TELETOON Canada's Comedy-Filled Lineup Delivers Warm Laughter this Winter". Newswire.ca. November 27, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "News Briefs". Kidscreen. Toronto: Brunico Communications. October 1, 1997. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015.
  3. ^ Decision CRTC 96-598 Archived December 5, 2020, at the Wayback Machine CRTC September 4, 1996
  4. ^ Vale, Allison (December 20, 2013). "Fight for specialties resumes". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014.
  5. ^ "La majorité des séries sur Télétoon sont canadiennes - L'Express". Lexpress.to. July 11, 2006. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  6. ^ "Teletoon". Canadian Communications Foundation. Archived from the original on September 29, 2018. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  7. ^ "TELETOON - Fact Sheet". Archived from the original on March 28, 1997. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Canuck players plan splitting up of WIC". Variety. October 18, 1999. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  9. ^ "Corus lines up behind Canuck Shaw's assets". Variety. June 14, 1999. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  10. ^ "Corus to buy Nelvana for $540-million". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  11. ^ Individual Pay Television, Pay-Per-View, Video-on-Demand and Specialty Services (Report). Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Archived from the original on July 11, 2016. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c "ARCHIVED - Decision CRTC 96-598". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. September 4, 1996. Archived from the original on December 5, 2020. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
  13. ^ Stuart, Leigh (October 29, 2007). "The evolution of a multi-screen animation destination". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015.
  14. ^ Binning, Cheryl (November 2, 1998). "Private 'casters vs. spec for kid ratings". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014.
  15. ^ "Fall brings more choice to TV dial". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. June 25, 2001. Archived from the original on September 24, 2014.
  16. ^ BCE to sell assets to Corus as part of Astral deal, The Globe and Mail (via Reuters and The Canadian Press), March 4, 2013.
  17. ^ The Canadian Press (uncredited staff) (March 18, 2013). "Competition Bureau clears Corus acquisition of Astral assets". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  18. ^ Vlessing, Etan (December 20, 2013). "CRTC approves Corus purchase of Teletoon, Historia and Series+". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on December 23, 2013.
  19. ^ "Press Release - Corus Entertainment Completes Purchase of Historia, Séries+ and TELETOON Canada Inc". Corusent.com. January 1, 2014. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  20. ^ "Ownership Chart 32b" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  21. ^ Dickson, Jeremy (February 10, 2014). "Corus unveils Teletoon integration plan". Kidscreen. Toronto: Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014.
  22. ^ Lang, Jamie (February 22, 2023). "After 25 Years, Canada's Teletoon Channel Is Ending. It Will Rebrand as Cartoon Network". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on February 22, 2023. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  23. ^ "TELETOON - TV Guide". Teletoon.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 1997. PRE-SCHOOL Mon-Fri 4:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.
  24. ^ "Special Report: Specialty Channels: At the gate TELETOON". Playback. Toronto: Brunico Communications. September 23, 1996. Archived from the original on September 14, 2015.
  25. ^ "FAQ - teletoon.com". Archived from the original on August 24, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  26. ^ "Channel Guide | TELETOON RETRO". Archived from the original on August 13, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.
  27. ^ a b "First Ever 24-Hour Adult Swim Channel Coming To Canada Next Month". ScreenRant. March 4, 2019. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  28. ^ "November 2014 Programming Highlights TELETOON, TELETOON at Night, TELETOON RETRO". corusent.com. Corus Entertainment. October 23, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ "TELETOON Goes Back To Cool This Fall!" (Press release). September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ "Teletoon Mail Archive April 1999 - 5th Letter". Archived from the original on May 22, 2001.
  31. ^ "Spin Takes Teletina to 3D For Teletoon". Animationmagazine.net. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  32. ^ "Teletoon Mail Archive January 2000 - 4th Letter". Archived from the original on April 29, 2001.
  33. ^ "Teletoon Idents | Commercials & Shorts". Guru Studio. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  34. ^ "Louis-Martin Duval". Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  35. ^ "Buzz Image - Commercials". Archived from the original on November 13, 2006. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  36. ^ "ARCHIVED - Decisions CRTC 2000-470 to 2000-731". CRTC. November 24, 2000. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  37. ^ "ARCHIVED - Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2003-599". CRTC. December 16, 2003. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  38. ^ "ARCHIVED - Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2011-687". CRTC. November 4, 2011. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  39. ^ Vlessing, Etan (February 2, 2012). "Teletoon bringing Cartoon Network to Canada". Media In Canada. Brunico Communications. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  40. ^ "Individual Discretionary and On-Demand Services - Statistical and Financial Summaries 2012-2016 - Cartoon Network (formerly TELETOON Kapow!)". Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. Archived from the original on November 30, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  41. ^ "Corus ownership chart" (PDF). CRTC. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  42. ^ "Broadcasting Decision CRTC 2015-451". CRTC. October 2, 2015. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  43. ^ "CORUS ENTERTAINMENT ANNOUNCES TELETOON+, NEW PREMIUM KIDS AND FAMILY STREAMING SERVICE, LAUNCHING IN CANADA SEPTEMBER 1". Newswire. August 29, 2022. Archived from the original on October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 19, 2022.

External links