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Partmaximum (Russian: Партмаксимум) was a limit on the salary of a member of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union, a maximum wage. Partmaximum was introduced in 1920 by a decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (ВЦИК) for all communists that held executive positions in Party, industry, government and Soviet trade unions. Their salary was not supposed to exceed that of a highly qualified industrial worker. If a communist had other incomes, e.g., honoraria or royalties, he had to transfer a specified percentage from the amount above the partmaximum into the Party funds.

Partmaximum was cancelled by a secret resolution of the Politburo of February 8, 1932;[1] however, it was bypassed with benefits in kind even earlier.[2] This cancellation is thought to mark the onset of the formation of the privileged nomenklatura class of Soviet apparatchiks, whose well-being no longer depended on the well-being of subordinated workers.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Stalinist Inequality (in Russian)
  2. ^ Мервин Мэтьюз, Становление системы привилегий в Советском государстве 1992, № 2-3, с. 45-61. "Сами по себе эти ограничения денежных доходов партийных чиновников, сколь бы значительными они ни казались, не шли ни в какое сравнение с доступными им материальными благами."

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